random 3.0.22 issues with hostapd

Michael Ströder michael at stroeder.com
Sun May 23 17:28:52 CEST 2021

On 5/23/21 3:19 PM, Alan DeKok wrote:
> On May 21, 2021, at 6:58 PM, Michael Ströder via Freeradius-Users <freeradius-users at lists.freeradius.org> wrote:
>> But with 3.0.22 every now and then it does not work anymore. Restarting
>> radiusd "fixes" it for some time. Unfortunately I did not find a way to
>> easily reproduce it.
>> In syslog I see these messages (first line is the last good case before
>> failure):
>> 2021-05-21T17:24:13.571211+00:00 ap1 radiusd[1728]: (13) Login OK:
>> [miwi] (from client localhost port 1 cli 84-EF-18-F7-9E-6E)
>> 2021-05-21T18:18:31.765761+00:00 ap1 radiusd[1728]: (20)   Invalid user
>> (ldap: Bind with (anonymous) to ldaps://ae-dir.hv.local:636 failed:
>> Local error): [miwi] (from client localhost port 0 via TLS tunnel)
>> 2021-05-21T18:18:31.772668+00:00 ap1 radiusd[1728]: (20)   Login
>> incorrect (ldap: Bind with (anonymous) to ldaps://ae-dir.hv.local:636
>> failed: Local error): [miwi] (from client localhost port 0 via TLS tunnel)
>> 2021-05-21T18:18:31.775870+00:00 ap1 radiusd[1728]: (20) Login incorrect
>> (eap: Failed continuing EAP TTLS (21) session.  EAP sub-module failed):
>> [miwi] (from client localhost port 1 cli 84-
>> From the above I suspect radiusd does not properly properly reconnect as
>> configured with SASL/EXTERNAL bind (using its EAP-TLS server cert as
>> client cert) probably after reaching idle connection timeout. Instead it
>> seems to use an anonymous bind.
>   Weird.
>> Any clue what's going on here?
> Not sure.  The only changes to rlm_ldap between 3.0.21 and 3.0.22 are
> to add configuration items which set tls_min_version.  Everything
> else is unchanged.

The config is here:


I've created this radiusd.conf as a learning experience and to have all
site-specific settings of this very simple setup in one place in a
shorter form.

But let's look at slapd log for a good case (stripped a bit of syslog
output to keep lines shorter):

2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 fd=36 ACCEPT from IP=
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 fd=36 TLS established tls_ssf=256 ssf=256
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=0 BIND dn="" method=163
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=0 BIND
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=0 BIND
mech=EXTERNAL sasl_ssf=0 ssf=256
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=0 RESULT tag=97 err=0 text=
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=1 SRCH base="ou=ae-dir" scope=2 deref=0
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=1 SEARCH RESULT tag=101 err=0
nentries=1 text=
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=2 BIND anonymous mech=implicit ssf=0
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=2 BIND dn="uid=miwi,cn=wifi,ou=ae-dir"
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=2 BIND dn="uid=miwi,cn=wifi,ou=ae-dir"
mech=SIMPLE ssf=0
2021-05-23T15:53:04 conn=1735 op=2 RESULT tag=97 err=0 text=
2021-05-23T16:09:48 conn=1735 fd=36 closed (idletimeout)

As you can see the SASL/EXTERNAL bind for searching the user entry and
the simple bind operation for checking user's password is done within a
single pooled LDAP connection (conn=1735). This leads to this LDAP
session being bound to the end user's entity. But this end user is not
authorized to do the searches for users!

Is that really how it is supposed to work?

In my own implementations I always have persistent pooled connections
for searching the LDAP directory, typically to map input username to the
bind-DN, but strictly open new temporary LDAP connection for each simple
bind operation checking a user's password. For better performance the
latter can also be a second pooled anonymous connection exclusively used
to send bind operations for user password validation and nothing else.

BTW: For such a situation OpenLDAP 2.5 now has a new overlay which
implements the so-called Verify Credentials extended operation with
which you can check the user's password including password policy checks
done by slapd without re-binding. This would also save round-trips. But
it will probably take some time before 2.5 gets widely available.

Ciao, Michael.

More information about the Freeradius-Users mailing list